When a person loses all of their teeth, complete dentures are an acceptable solution. When the teeth are removed, we are left with a ridge of bone on the upper and lower parts of our mouth, which is used to put false teeth on. The lower denture always takes a little more time for most patients to get used to for two reasons: lack of height of bone and presence of the tongue. Usually a complete denture takes a minimum of 5 - 7 Visits. They can be made from acrylic, fibre glass and Lucitone.
Complete Dentures : They can be conventional or immediate. Conventional dentures can be made about 8 – 12 weeks after the teeth have been extracted.
Immediate Dentures : They are made in advance and can be placed as soon as the teeth are removed. Measurements are taken prior to the extractions to fabricate the dentures. As the bones and gums shrink during healing period after tooth extraction, they become loose and have to be replaced.
Implant supported Dentures : In cases when the ridge is not enough, implant supported dentures are made. Implants are placed in the jaw bone and semi fixed dentures are made on them. Lower dentures are usually ill fitting because of the movements of the tongue and lips so implant supported dentures are very helpful.
Partial dentures : When one or more teeth are missing partial dentures are made they are removable and have to be removed at night and for cleaning.
Advantages of a Denture :
• Helps you to properly chew food.
• Improves speech
• Prevent a sagging face by providing support for lips and cheeks.
They are of two types :
• Ones made fully of plastic (acrylic)
• Other having a metal framework for rigidity
(Cast Partial Dentures). These are much better but expensive.
» Getting use to wearing dentures takes time. Be patient!! Each patient is different so please do not compare your denture with that of your friend.
» A lower denture usually takes more time to adjust to than an upper denture.
» Expect to have excessive flow of saliva initially.
» Try to eat only soft foods for the first couple of days. Then, as you progress to more solid foods try to eat slowly, attempting to place even amounts of food on both sides at the same time during the chewing cycle.
» It is normal to experience discomfort in the beginning and you may develop sore spots which will regress over a period of time.
» Clean you new denture every morning and night with either a denture toothbrush and denture toothpaste or with one of the commercially available denture cleaners.
» Gum tissues are in a constant state of change but dentures are not. Therefore, periodic relining of your dentures may be necessary.
» Leave your dentures out of your mouth before sleeping as it gives ample time for your gum tissue to breathe.
» Please do not adjust your dentures by yourself!!!